Periodontal diseases also called gum diseases or periodontitis is a disease which affects the supporting and surrounding tissues of the gums and also the underlying of the jawbone. Periodontal disease can result in the loss of tooth, there are different types of periodontal diseases, the most common one is gingivitis, this is a mild form of gum disease that causes irritation, redness and swelling of the gum. People with gingivitis cannot easily detect that they have it, but if they practice poor hygiene then they are at risk of having the disease and should take caution. To treat gingivitis people should brush teeth often, use mouth wash as well as floss daily and getting regular dental checks. Another gum disease to look at is chronic periodontal disease this is the most common periodontal, it occurs more frequently in people over 45, this disease is characterized by inflammation below the gum line and the progressive disruption of the gingival and bone tissue, this disease causes the teeth to look longer, this is because the gums are gradually recessive the body’s immune system fight the bacteria as the plaque spreads, and grow below the gum line, the body’s natural response to infection starts to break down the bone and the connective tissue that holds the teeth in place. The teeth may eventually have to be removed, if the patient do not treat their diseases. The other periodontal disease is the aggressive periodontal disease, this is characterized by the rapid loss of gum attachment the rapid loss of bone tissue.
This the aggressive periodontal disease is the same as the chronic periodontal disease except it causes more harm at a faster pace. There is also iv poles periodontal disease, this is an infection characterized by necrosis and gingival tissues, periodontal ligaments and systemic disease this often begin at a very young age .overall gum diseases can be easily formed because once a person does not practice good oral health they are immediately at risk of the disease, this is because the mouth is full of bacteria, these bacteria along with mucus and their particles constantly develops to form plaque . Brushing and flossing can help to get rid of plaque as unremoved plaque later leads to chronic disease. Even though every one can get plaque and eventually gum diseases there are some risk factors that is known to increase ones changes of having gum diseases. Smoking damages the teeth as well as other organs in the body, smoking also reduces the chances of other treatments working. Another risk factor is diabetes one of the signs and symptoms associated with gum disease is diabetes, people who are going through hormonal changes have a higher chance of developing gum diseases especially gingivitis. Gum diseases sometimes are generic as such some people are at a higher risk of being affected from it.